Laminate flooring is a multi-layer synthetic flooring product fused together with a lamination process. Laminate floors offers prospective buyers a beautiful look and feel, often cost less and requires less skill to install than alternative flooring materials. Laminate flooring is reasonably durable, hygienic and relatively easy to maintain.
Laminate flooring was invented in 1977 by the Swedish company Perstorp, and sold under the brand name Pergo. Perstop spun off its flooring division as the separate company named Pergo, now a subsidiary of Pfleiderer. Pergo is the most widely known laminate flooring manufacturer, but the trademark PERGO is not synonymous for all laminate floors.
The two companies have been in a great number of legal conflicts over the years, and today most, if not all glueless locking flooring is made under license from either Välinge, Unilin or even a combination of both. Laminate flooring is constructed of four different types of synthetic layers: a backing layer, an inner core, design layer, and the wear layer.
The ‘wear’ layer protects your floor from scratching, stains, and fading while the inner core (comprised of melamine resin and fiber board materials) provides stability with the backing creating a moisture barrier that protects your floor from warping. The design layer is where the high-resolution picture is put into place that resembles actual wood or stone. This is also where the floors unique texture is applied to bring out its realistic appeal. The bottom-most layer, called the backing layer is also designed to resist moisture and warping, helping to ensure a sound foundation.
With so many protective variables working in unison, it’s easy to see why laminate flooring has earned the reputation for being almost indestructible.